The PAN (Permanent Account Number) is issued by the Income Tax department of the Government of India. The structure of the PAN number is as follows:
First five characters are letters, next four numerals, last character letter.
Of the first five characters, the first three letters are sequence of alphabets from AAA to ZZZ.
The fourth character informs about the type of holder of the card. Each holder is uniquely defined as below:
The fifth character of the PAN is the first character.
The last character is an alphabetic check digit.
You can apply for a PAN Card at PAN Services, Brokerage Free.